History of Maa Katyayani
Katyayani is one of the main forms of the Hindu goddess, the goddess. He is seen as the murderer of the tyrannical demon Mahishasura. She is the sixth form in Navadurga or one of the nine forms of the Hindu goddess Durga (Parvati), which is worshiped during Navratri celebrations. He can be depicted with four, ten, or eighteen hands. It is another name given to Goddess Adishakti in Amarkosh, Sanskrit language. Goddess Katyayani was worshiped by Sita, Radha and Rukmini for a good husband.
In Shaktism, he is associated with the fierce forms of Shakti or Durga, a warrior goddess(देवी) including Bhadrakali and Chandika, and traditionally he is connected with Rang Lal as the goddess Parvati Devi. Along with the primitive form, a fact is also mentioned on Panini, the great language of Patanjali written in the second century BCE.
His first mention is found in the Taittiriya Aranyak section of the Yajurveda. The Skanda Purana mentions arising from the spontaneous rage of the gods, which eventually led to the slaughter of the lion-mounted demon Mahishasura. The event is celebrated during the yearly Durga Puja festival in most parts of India.
His exploits are found in the Devi-Bhagavata Purana and the Devi Mahatmayam, a part of the Markandeya Purana attributed to the Markandeya sage, who wrote it in Sanskrit. 400–500 BCE, over time, their presence was felt in Buddhist and Jain texts and in many Tantric texts, most notably in the Kalika-Purana (10th century), in which the goddess Katyayani and Lord Jagannatha described the Oriya or Odradesa ( Odisha) was described as) the seat of) mention .
Maa Katyayani Worship
In the 10th Santo, the Bhagavata Purana, chapter 22, tells the story of the Katyayani fast, where young married women (gopis) of the Gauhar men of Gokula worshiped the goddess Katyayani in Braj and fasted for the whole month of Margashirsha. Or took a vow. First month of winter, to get Lord Krishna as her husband. During the month, he ate only khichdi and after bathing in Yamuna made an earthen god of the Goddess on the river bank after sunrise and with fragrant substances like sandalwood pulp, lamp, fruit, betel nut, newly made leaves, fragrant aroma Worshiped. . Garland and incense. Before this episode, Krishna took off his clothes while bathing in the Yamuna River.
She is worshiped as the form of Adi Shakti, which if you pledge to fast, will provide you with the husband you have wished and prayed for. A fast called Katyayana-vrat is made for a whole month, such as offering things like sandalwood, flowers, incense etc. ”During the Mrigaya month, every morning the young daughters (gopis) of the gaushalas hold each other’s hands. The transcendental qualities of Krishna go to the Yamuna (Jamuna) and bathe. Wishing to have Krishna as her husband, they will then worship Goddess Katyayani with incense, flowers and other items.
Everyday he used to get up in the morning. Calling others by name, they all held hands and spoke of Krishna’s glory when he went to bathe in Kalindi (with Jamuna).
In the southern tip of India, the teenage virgin goddess, Goddess Kanya Kumari, is called an incarnation of Goddess Katyayani or Goddess Parvati. She is the goddess of penance and penance. During Pongal, a harvest festival that coincides with Makar Sankranti and is celebrated in Tamil Nadu, young girls prayed for rain and prosperity and throughout the month they avoided milk and milk products. The women bathed early in the morning and worshiped the idol of Goddess Katyayani Devi carved with wet sand. The penance ended on the first day of the Thai (January – February) month in the Tamil calendar.
Mantra of Katyayani Maa
चंद्रहासोज्जवलकरा शार्दूलवरवाहना। कात्यायनी शुभं दध्यादेवी दानवघातिनि।।
Chandrahasojjavalkara Shardulwarvahana. Katyayani Shubham Dadhyadevi Danavaghatini.
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